知识365:不文艺,不鸡汤 ,表态度,理排行,悟观念,做判断,最终仅仅是常识。

skull4:江西艺缘精品推荐:黄地珐琅彩花鸟纹碗

徐州云龙湖水怪 www.jykings.cn  康熙时期,珐琅彩初创,珐琅彩料来自西洋,俗称洋色,所制瓷器大多为盘、碗、杯、壶等小件器物,且多为色地,即在素胎上以红、黄、蓝、绿等色釉作地,然后彩绘花卉图案。珐琅彩瓷器在雍正时(1723——1735)完全脱离了铜胎画的窠臼,在装饰艺术上更具有中国化。在烧造与施彩上达到珐琅彩的极盛阶段。胎体采用景德镇新烧成的优质细白瓷,轻薄细润。装饰艺术上日趋中国化,中国传统的寓意吉祥的纹饰多见。技术上精益求精,色彩品种丰富并富于变化?;ǘ嘌?,使珐琅彩的制作在雍正朝达到了极盛。887020bca948200cf56dc61d31f4b24During theKangxi period, the enamel color was started. The enamel color material came from the West, commonly known as the foreign color. Most of the porcelain made were small utensils such as plates, bowls, cups, and pots, and were mostly colored. That is, on the prime tire, red, yellow, blue, green and other colored glazes are used to make the ground, and then the flower pattern is painted. During the Yongzheng period(1723 -- 1735), the enamel porcelain was completely separated from the bronze fetal painting and was more Chineseized in decorative art. In the burning and casting of the color to reach the maximum stage of enamel. The fetal body adopts Jingdezhens newly burned high-quality fine white porcelain, light and thin. Decorative art has become increasingly Chinese, and the traditional meaning of Chinese traditional decoration is often seen. Technical excellence, rich in color varieties and rich in variety. The variety of painting methods has made the production of enamel colors extremely prosperous in the guidance period.075c114393d0c718d8013b84074be9d

    雍正初年时珐琅彩绘变化不大,构图仍是呆板的对称,但写生画开始多了起来,有了些活力,背景地仍是胭脂红、黄、蓝、白等色。到了雍正中期,“院画”的工笔画在整个社会流行开来,很得雍正皇帝的赏识。珐琅彩瓷器的画工们迎合皇帝的好恶,在珐琅彩瓷器上以“院画”为底稿,开始“勾、画、皱、染”,这也是珐琅彩瓷器独有的?;婊獠亩辔⒁馍羁痰能饺卦а?、灵芝水仙、锦鸡牡丹、梅兰竹菊、翠竹麻雀、秋树八哥等,更有各种山水楼阁画面。因为雍正本人喜欢水墨及设色山水,所以这些画中就有用赫,墨、蓝单色或两颜色画的,极为淡雅清丽?!巴诺肌痹蚴羌醒丈谝簧?,据说有36种颜色之多。终究是纸绢画做底稿,这些画有直接在洁白如雪的瓷器上画的,有在设色上画的,但设计都很精巧。此时的器物身上仍多数是里不画,有少许里画的则外面就被敷上彩色。1b595ad01d47deaed64d1cc9e5c2cab此时也偶见“锦灰堆”画法。装饰图案除缠枝花卉外,仍以草虫、花鸟为主要题材,寓意吉祥的图案显著增多,往往以西洋式的花叶纹或图案式的西蕃莲及荷花为锦地,配合画传统约四季花卉、竹石、鸟鹊等吉祥纹饰;器形的式样多,例如圆、椭圆、桃形和不定形等?;缂改?,但有些纹饰则过于繁琐。釉色以黄色为主,黄釉呈杏黄的色调,色感厚而光泽差?;钩鱿至诵碌挠陨?。特别是以黑色为地、上压彩色花纹的作品是前所未见的,这种黑釉是雍正时期烧成的,所以格外受到皇帝的青睐,即使烧制其他彩釉作品,在局部也可看到绘制黑釉花纹的现象。这种运用黑釉的手法是其他时期罕见的。雍正年间的珐琅工艺的突出成就是自行研制成功了新的珐琅色釉20余种,极大丰富了珐琅色釉种类,为乾隆时期的金属珐琅工艺的全面发展奠定了坚实的基础。In the early years of Yongzheng, there was little change in enamel painting, and the composition was still mechanical symmetry. However, sketching began to increase and there was some vitality. The background was still red, yellow, blue, and white. By the middle of Yongzheng, the paintings of "hospital paintings" were popular in the entire society and were very appreciated by the Emperor Yongzheng. The painters of enamel porcelain catered to the emperors likes and dislikes. On enamel porcelain, they used "courtyard paintings" as the basis and began to "hook, draw, wrinkle, and dye". This is also unique to enamel porcelain. The themes of the paintings are mostly profound hibiscus, Ganoderma daffodils, brocade Peony, Meilanzhuju, bamboo sparrows, autumn tree starlings, etc.. There are also various landscape pavilions. Because Yongzheng himself likes ink and color landscapes, these paintings are used in the paintings of Hech, ink, blue monochrome or two colors. They are extremely elegant and elegant. The "group butterfly map" is a collection of all colors in one, and it is said that there are as many as 36 colors. After all, it is a paper painting that is used as a manuscript. These paintings are directly painted on white porcelain, and some are painted on color, but the design is very delicate. At this time, most of the artifacts are still not painted, and a little of them are painted on the outside. At this time also occasionally see the "ash pile" painting. In addition to twigging flowers, the decorative patterns still use grass insects and flowers and birds as the main themes. The number of auspicious patterns has increased significantly. Western-style flower patterns or patterned Western Lotus and Lotus flowers are often used as brocade. With the traditional painting of the four seasons of flowers, bamboo, birds and other auspicious decorations; There are many styles of device shapes, such as circles, ellipses, peach shapes, and amorphous shapes. The style is extremely delicate, but some decorations are too cumbersome. The glaze color is mainly yellow, and the yellow glaze is almond yellow, and the color is thick and shiny. There is also a new glaze. In particular, the work of using black as the ground and upward pressure color pattern is unprecedented. This black glaze was burned during the Yongzheng period, so it was particularly favored by the emperor. Even if other colored glaze works were burned, it could be seen locally. Draw black glaze pattern phenomenon. This use of black glaze is rare in other periods. The outstanding achievement of the enamel process during the Yongzheng period was to develop more than 20 kinds of enamel glaze by Chenggongle, which greatly enriched the enamel glaze type and laid a solid foundation for the comprehensive development of the metal enamel process during the Qianlong period.

【藏品简介】fa3ab57c9a27088e9c70f70e8bb8920

  雍正年制款  黄地珐琅彩花鸟纹碗

    5.7厘米、口径11.0厘米、足径4.0厘米

    碗撇口,弧壁,深腹,圈足。外壁以黄釉为地,珐琅彩绘花鸟纹,色彩绚丽,其间点缀数朵各色小花?;ǘ渌洞蟊ヂ?,枝蔓缠绕,寓有“年年富贵”吉祥之意。内壁施满釉,外底蓝料彩双方栏内书“雍正年制”四字双行款,字体笔画粗宽。挺拔端庄造型端庄,胎薄体轻,装饰技法受清初恽南田、蒋廷锡等宫廷画家影响采用没骨画法绘制,俯仰有致,极尽妍丽,充满生机,立体感强,彩料瑰丽纯正,为雍正珐琅彩瓷中属凤毛麟角之品。1de9764aacefec1f76ab778466689e4。Qing Dynasty annual production of Huangdi enamel color flower bird tattoo bowl
Height 5.7 cm, diameter 11.0 cm, foot diameter 4.0 cm
Bowl skim, arc wall, deep abdomen, circle foot. The outer wall is covered with yellow glaze, and the enamel is painted with flowers and birds. The colors are brilliant, and several colored flowers are interspersed. The flowers are huge and full, and the branches are entwined with the auspicious meaning of "prosperity every year". The inner wall is covered with glaze, and the outer bottom of the blue color column is the book "Yongzheng Year System" four-character double-line, and the font strokes are wide. The upright and dignified shape is dignified, the tire is thin and light, and the decorative techniques are influenced by court painters such as Nantian and Jiang Tingxi in the early Qing Dynasty. They are painted with bone paintings, and they are pitch and beautiful, full of vitality, strong three-dimensional sense, and colorful materials. It is a rare product in the color porcelain of Yongzheng. And .

【市场分析】

    低温黄釉瓷器创烧于明洪武时期景德镇官窑,其后历代多有烧造。因其常以浇釉法施釉,故有“浇黄”之称,而颜色娇嫩者,又有“娇黄”之美誉?!盎啤庇搿盎省毙骋?,故此釉色之黄象征皇权之尊贵,因此,黄釉瓷器仅限于御用。尤其是里外黄色的御用瓷只供帝王本人使用,而外黄里白则是供皇后或皇太后使用的专用瓷。以此类推:兰、紫、绿等色分供贵妃、嫔妃、妃、答应等后宫妃子们所用。足见此器应为乾隆年间宫廷造办处御制的佳作。

  纵观近二十年的中国古代艺术品拍卖市场,瓷器价格节节攀升,屡创新高,而珐琅彩瓷器在我们的陶瓷发展史上占有其重要的席位,由于其高贵出身,烧制工艺复杂,所以数量稀少,流传到民间的数量更为有限,在拍卖市场,就会出现很高的拍卖价格问世,很多藏家也都以拥有一件珐琅彩瓷为荣。这件黄地珐琅彩花鸟纹碗,品相完好,历经数百年,保存至此等实属不易,Qing Dynasty annual production of Huangdi enamel color flower bird tattoo bowl
Height 5.7 cm, diameter 11.0 cm, foot diameter 4.0 cm
Bowl skim, arc wall, deep abdomen, circle foot. The outer wall is covered with yellow glaze, and the enamel is painted with flowers and birds. The colors are brilliant, and several colored flowers are interspersed. The flowers are huge and full, and the branches are entwined with the auspicious meaning of "prosperity every year". The inner wall is covered with glaze, and the outer bottom of the blue color column is the book "Yongzheng Year System" four-character double-line, and the font strokes are wide. The upright and dignified shape is dignified, the tire is thin and light, and the decorative techniques are influenced by court painters such as Nantian and Jiang Tingxi in the early Qing Dynasty. They are painted with bone paintings, and they are pitch and beautiful, full of vitality, strong three-dimensional sense, and colorful materials. It is a rare product in the color porcelain of Yongzheng. And 

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